Anatolian woolen grain sacks, best
known by the Turkish term "chuval", were at one time frequently
encountered in villages. Being utilitarian objects, they were often made
of undyed striped wool, a typical characteristic of nomad transport bags
from Morocco to the western Chinese border. But decorated examples such as
this one, with its alternating bands of sumakh and colored plainweave on
one side and ivory alternating with colored plainweave on the other,
appear in many collections of Anatolian weavings.
This chuval has
good color and drawing. It has clearly seen domestic use, preserved today
just as it was found in a Turkish village. Rodents have chewed holes in
the bottom to access its contents, the piece has not been opened up, and
the warp-faced plainweave straps, used to lift the bag, are still intact.
It was purchased together with a second piece which has straps cut from
the same band as on the illustrated example.
Sack-shaped bags with
the dimensions of this piece were more commonly used in Anatolia than
elsewhere and appear with a broad range of technique and decoration.
Size: 3’ 3” x 1’ 11” (99 x 59 cm.)
Warp: Beige and ivory wool, Z2S
Ground Weft:Bands of weft-faced plainweave in
ivory, red, blue and salmon wool, 22 per vertical inch, light Z2S
Pattern Weft: 4:2 countered sumakh, 16 per vertical inch; overlay underlay
brocading; complementary weft weave
Ends: Hemmed with original Z2S
Z2S wool overcast stitch
weft-faced plainweave in ivory, red, blue and salmon wool, 22 per vertical
inch, light Z2S
Strap: Sections of a warp-faced plainweave band, red,
blue, and salmon Z2S wool, black and white Z2S goathair, sewn onto both
sides of the bag