About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project

Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan

Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning

"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"

Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Our Natural Dyestuffs


Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs

Weaving and Finishing Steps

Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs

back to "Early Ottoman Period Turkish Rugs (XIV-XV Centuries)" main page


Fragment of multiple-niche, or saph, prayer rug. Northeastern Anatolia, first half of 15th century. Washington, The Textile Museum

In saph carpets, there is no longer a single niche but multiple niches of the same size and shape placed alongside one another, often varying rhythmically in the ground's color and decoration, as in this example. Saph (derived from the Turkish for "row" or "in rows") carpets, also known as family prayer rugs, became popular in the 17th and 18th centuries and were originally intended for collective prayers. Their popularity declined in the 19th century. Ghiordes and Ushak were major producers of this carpet.