About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project
Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan
Shearing, Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning
"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"
Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Our Natural Dyestuffs
Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs
Weaving and Finishing Steps
Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs
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The Biertan "Ushak Bird" rug, Ushak-Selendi area, late 16th century, 149x214cm. The Biertan Evangelical fortified church (inv 63), Romania.
The weavers of the so-called Bird rugs might
well have believed that they were creating a pattern of stylised birds,
but the original motif probably represented something quite different.
Most of the large Bird carpets - of which at least 22 examples are known -
have the cloudband border, as seen here, nine or more have a border
composed of offset half-diamond medallions, one has the so-called 'Gothic'
border and one a cartouche border. The largest, formerly in the Piyale
Pasa Mosque, Kasimpasa, Istanbul, and now in the Museum of Turkish and
Islamic Arts, is 523 cm long; while Bird carpets are rare in Turkey, the
presence of the Piyale Pasa example demonstrates that they were not all
made for export. The Biertan, only a section of which remains, is the sole
surviving large Bird carpet in Transylvania. The first depiction of a Bird
rug in a European painting is in Hans Mielich's Portrait of Count
Ladislaus von Hag (?), circa 1548, in the Kress Collection. It is likely
that Bird rugs were made from at least the first half of the 16th century,
as several are mentioned in European inventories from this time.
illustrated in Stefano Ionescu, Antique Ottoman Rugs in Transylvania