The "Ganja" carpets from the group of
the Ganja-Kazakh carpet type, used to be produced not only in the city,
but also in carpet making settlements of Garabaghli, Borsunly,
Shadylli and others. Carpets that have the middle field with the
diagonal lines were made exclusively in the city of Ganja. In other Ganja
carpets the middle field has several "gols" (shields), which
in most cases present the X-shaped or eight-coal design.
Composition of the middle field of the Gadim
Ganja carpets consists of a plenty of buta, lined in order.
Serial buta are considered independent and basic elements of the design.
In this carpet horizontal and vertical rows consist only of numerous
buta all of a similar form. They create simple, compact and at the same
time original grid Shabaka. Sometimes buta are woven aligned by
diagonals, that is also typical for this group of carpets.
The carpets "Samukh" also
enter this group of carpets. Two basic elements of this carpet are "val"
- a threshing board and "goosh" - a bird. It is
necessary to note that image of "val" has appeared in carpet
because this region was engaged with agriculture. In the center of the
middle field the square shaped bordered gol (shield) is placed.
In upper and the bottom sides of the gol there are placed other gols of
the mean size. The filling elements of the round shape, typical for Ganja
and Garabagh carpets are placed around the gols. The "Fahrali"
carpet has received its name from the village located in 25 km at the
North–East of Ganja. In the Fahrali village starting from the second
half of the XVIII century the weaving of Namazligh carpets
has begun. Popularity of these carpets gradually grew, so the quantity
of places manufacturing them also increased. Therefore some historians
gave various names to this carpets - "Ganja", "Shamkhor"
etc., considering a place of basic production of these carpets.
The "Gadabay" carpets are made in the Gadabay region, located in 50km, to the west of Ganja. From ancient times up to the past recent Gadabay was very large center of the Ganja group carpets' manufacturing. The natural environments here were very suitable for pastures, in foothills, abundance are favorable for cultivation springs. It caused development of the carpet production. Located upfront dark blue gols in the shape of kataba (composition, used in the architecture and also in the products of the decorative arts) and yellow rectangular elements, located between the gols, are the basic elements of the "Gadabay" carpets. There can also be met "Gadabay" carpets with the midfield divided into rectangulars or squares.