Types Of Pile Knots
The three main types of knots used in contemporary oriental rug weaving are the Turkish or (Ghiordes knots), Persian or ( Senneh Knots) and the jufti knot. These are described below.
The Turkish (Ghiordes knots) is formed by looping the pile yarn across two warp strands and then drawing it back through the inside of both warps. This type of knot produces a very secure pile constructions and is used in both antique and modern rugs from the Caucasus and Anatolia (Turkey) and Turkestan. It is also used by several Kurdish and Turkish tribes in Iran.
The Persian (Senneh knots) is used in classical Persian, Indian, Pakistani, Chinese and Balkan rugs and in many Turkoman tribal, Iranian village and Afghan rugs. The asymmetrical knot is capable of producing rugs with very fine detail. This type of knot wraps around two warps, but only one of those warps in encircled entirely. They can be wrapped in either direction and are said to be open to the left or open to the right.
The Jufti Knot. Both asymmetrical and symmetrical knots can be tied around more than two warps. This knot is quicker to work but does not create a rug with the same structural integrity and is often considered inferior.