Ref. No: 0407-32
Sub-Group: Khila Buta
Origin Country: AZERBAIJAN, Baku
General/Historical Information: Khila village is located 15 km to the east of Baku. Today the name of the village changed to Amirjan.
Foreign sources erroneously name this carpet "Dagestan".
Pile: pure wool
Density/Kpsm (knots per square meter): (40x50) up to 200 000
AGE: circa 1975
"Hila-buta" carpet has received its name from the village of Hila (Amirjan) while carpets of such pattern are produced in all other carpet-weaving centers of Baku-Absheron as well. Sometimes the name of a carpet type even doesn't have any connection with a certain place at all.
Carpet weaving really is a hard work. In some
cases the complexity of this process has found its reflection in the name
of a carpet type. For example, one from the "Hila-buta"
varieties is named "Gizgaridan", meaning a carpet, that
makes a weaving girl grow old - so long and complicated the process of its
The main element of composition of this group of
carpets is Buta - one of the richest ornamental elements of
Azerbaijan's decorative arts. Buta is frequently used for
expression of the fire, flame images.
Every new composition with Gels usually appeared as expression of a joy, celebration, wedding. For example Gels, referring to as "Khoncha", are symbolically featuring a bride's adornments and traditional big plates with sweets.
The height of pile: 5-7 mm
Comments: Khila Buta is considered as one of the best of Azerbaijan Carpets. There are very unique samples of Khila Buta carpets in The State Museum of Azerbaijan Carpet and Applied Art, and also in State Historical Museum of Moscow.