This Karabagh type of carpets are mainly woven in carpet-weaving districts
of Nakhchivan – Norashen, Shahbuz, Kolany, as well as Gorus, Julfa and
Ordubad. Nakhchivan is one of the ancient cities of Azerbaijan. Nakhchivan
is one of the most ancient towns of Azerbaijan. It is located on the right
bank of the river of Nakhchivan, which is the left inflow of river Araz.
from the ancient times is glorified by its decorative-applied arts and in
particularly most widespread kind of this art on the East - carpet
weaving. Carpets made by Nakhchivan craftsmen are known by their general
style name "Nakhchivan".
group includes carpets with geometrical patterns developed in various
epochs by local craftsmen. These patterns usually have a very original
lines. The middle field consists from thin strips - Madakhils.
Generally, from the ancient times, the striped patterns were typical for
artworks created in Nakhchivan. For example, in X century in Nakhchivan
there was made a striped braid, which was very popular in other regions as
and carpets of the Nakhchivan style are mainly lengthened. The floors of
the Palaces constructed in Nakhchivan usually were entirely covered by Halyh
and carpets, the majorities from which were woven from silk. Especial
development of this sphere of business in Nakhchivan happened in IX-XII
centuries. Carpet weaving was the main business activity for local women
and girls. However, the male artists frequently prepared the layout draft
and color graphic pallet for a new carpet. Many recognized masters of this
craft, received respect and love not only from their neighbors, but also
from far outside Nakhchivan. In opinion of some researchers, Ajami
Abubakr oglu Nackchivani, Ahmad Eiyub oglu Nackchivani and some other
famous masters of carpet weaving personally participated in creating of
weaving styles and decorating of carpets in other medieval cities of
type of carpets
are known for their cheerful and bright colors. Color gamma of these
products is based on broad variety of natural (vegetative) paints. Amazing
gamma of color combinations along with geometrical forms of vegetative and
animal motives bring to these carpets a special identity, that
allows to unite them into a separate type of "the Karabagh
Middle field of this carpet composition is
completely filled with different decorative motives. Their shape, color
and creative idea carefully combine these elements with each other. Each
of them is subordinated to the general ornamental image of the carpet.
The composition of the central field of
carpet "Nakhchivan" consists of vertically located octagonal
characteristic to Karabagh type of Nakhchivan carpets.
But it is also used in some Shirvan
carpets such as Bijo Rugs.
The middle field has a velvet-looking black background,
and this is very advantageous under big bright elements. Besides, numerous
orange and blue
elements give the carpet very cheerful color appearance.
carpet has got a lot of similar characteristics with ancient Nakhchivan
carpet (18th century) that is kept in Turkish-Islamic Arts
Museum in Istanbul. Eight-pointed star inside that medallion, outward
hooks around the medallions, vegetative
and animal motives in the
central field, alike border elements are very much similar with this
carpet. (see L. Kerimov, Azerbaijan Carpets III)
(knots per square meter): up
to 85 000
Naturally dyed 10 = carrot orange, yellow, green grass, black, blue,
shocking pink, maroon, cream, red and brown.
than 50 years
main characteristic of Karabagh type of “Nakhchivan” carpets is
having an oblong shape.
Density of Nakhchivan carpets generally varies from 28x28 to 35x35 per square decimeter. (122.000 knots per square meter)
The height of
Researched and prepared by Vugar Dadashov
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