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Ref. No: 0407-15

Type: Ganja-Kazakh

Group: Kazakh


Variant: Lembely (V)

Origin Country: AZERBAIJAN, Borchaly

General/Historical Information: The region where this carpet was made is Borchaly, which converted from the name "Bozchalu" - old Turkic tribe that moved from Sulduz*-very ancient district that was located in Southern Azerbaijan. At Safevid Dynasty's (Turkic origin dynasty) time, they were moved from southern part of the country to the north. As it is known, the cities - Tabriz, Ardabil, Sarab, Karadagh, Urmiya, Erak, Bijar, Esna, Farakhan that located in Southern Azerbaijan have been the center of carpet-weaving art.

Ancestors of Bozchalu tribe, that lived in Sulduz were dealing in carpet weaving in the region where located all these famous southern carpet-making cities. Later moved on to the north, Bozchalu tribe carpet art fell under influence of Kazakh carpet school, and, inspired with its traditions they continued the development of carpet weaving. Under the influence of these two carpet-making schools, the "Borchaly" subgroup of carpet school appeared. Carpet making districts such as Karayazy, Karachop, Lembely, Qyzyl Hajyly, Gavur-arkh etc. represent "Borchaly" carpet school.

Art Analysis: This variant of "Borchaly" carpets are called Lembely. It is made in Lembely village, which is located near Borchaly. The composition of central field is the same as Zeynat-nishan type of Borchaly carpets. There are cross-shaped medallions, which are located next to the central medallion. These ornament is considered as the basic attribute of this carpet, it represents the hero in a thick felt cloak, and a big shaggy papaq(cap) that made of sheep wool. It is possible to see the similar drawings on the gravestones that belong to 9-10th centuries BC, in Tabasaran region. This area entered in Azerbaijani Shirvan district in earlier times, but at the present time situated in the territory of Dagestan (Russia)

We can see that Borchaly carpets are full of ancient totems and mythological ornaments that were preserved until today.

Pile: pure wool

Warp&Weft: cotton

Density/Kpsm (knots per square metre): up to 150 000

Colors: Naturally dyed

Size: 120cmx230cm

Area: 2.76 m2

Weight: 7kg

Kg/m2: 2.53

AGE: new

Condition: excellent

Technical Analysis: Size of "Borchaly" carpets varies from region to region. The carpets that made in Lembely are generally being bigger size than another region's rugs.

Density of Borchaly carpets varies from 30x30 to 37x37 per square decimeter. (from 80.000 to 137.000 knots per square meter)

The height of pile: 8-12mm 

Comments: There is a "Borchaly-Zeynat Nishan" carpet with exactly the same ornaments as this carpet in Decorative Arts Museum in Budapesht, Hungary

*Sulduz -ancient city. Situated in western part of South Azerbaijan. In 1958 during archeological researches, they have found an ancient civilization on Hasanlu Hills. A golden cup, weighing 950 gr (8-9th century BC), with different kind of drawings was among the findings.


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