AZERBAIJAN, Khyzy (Xizi)
This large kilim with a varied horizontal "palaz" stripe design owes its lively rhythm to the alternation between wide monochrome panels and narrow colourful stripes and to the tasteful colour composition. Very finely woven and with an exquisite palette, this
kilim is a masterpiece of its kind.
kilims are lighter in weight than pile fabrics, they may be more
convenient for some aspects of the nomadic people. Since many of them are
made by techniques simpler than pile knotting, they predate the pile
carpet. This is confirmed by a number of well preserved kilim fragments from Pazyryk
in Altai Mountains, (with estimates of age ranging around the 4th and 5th
centuries B.C.), which show a variety of techniques and geometric motifs
strikingly suggestive of some woven in the recent past. Kilim fragments
uncovered by Sir Mark Aurel Stein in Eastern Turkestan apparently date
from the third or fourth century A.D., and the early first millennium
Coptic Kilims from Egypt show a considerable technical sophistication.
There are also a number of kilims at the Xinjiang Museum and the
Archaeological Institute in Urumchi (Eastern Turkestan). From the
extremely dry and hot sands of Turpan area and points west along the
fringes of the Takla Makan Desert, a number of burial places have been
found in which the human remains are remarkably preserved, along with the
textiles that accompanied them. Among these are kilim fragments that may
be as much as 4000 years old, along with other textiles in surprisingly
sophisticated structures. Quite probably, the kilim and related fabrics
were developed during the Neolithic Period, and the oldest surviving
fragments at times show design elemetns startlingly reminiscent of
more recent work. This should not be surprising, as many flatweave
techniques impose certain limitations of design. It is quite probable that
many of the technique-driven motifs that one recognizes in recent work
have changed little over the centuries.
dated on the carpet
Analysis: This kilim made on the loom with the slip-tapestry
technique. Warps and decorative supplementary yarns are the combination of
mainly wool and cotton. Wefts are made of cotton.
Researched and prepared by Vugar Dadashov