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Ref. No: 0407-06 

Type: Kuba-Shirvan 

Group: Shirvan 

Sub-Group: KURDEMIR 

Variant: II 

Origin Country: AZERBAIJAN, Kurdemir Area

General/Historical Information: This carpet is included in Shirvan group of Azerbaijani carpets. The name is related with Kurdemir Area, which is located 55 kilometers far from Shamakhy (at the south-east direction). This carpet type are also made in another districts of the region, and besides in Sor-Sor, Shilyan, Muradhanly, Mollakende, and in Garhun*, that is located 16 kilometers from Yevlakh. But irrespective of a place of manufacture, the carpet refers as "Kurdemir".

The composition of this carpet is considered as one of the oldest carpet models of Northern Azerbaijan.

Art Analysis: The composition of the central field of the carpets "Kurdemir" has polygonal oblong “Gol”s (Medallions). These “gol”s are executed by broken lines and are placed on vertical axes. Directed aside from the “Gol”s there is an additional ornament “Jagee”. Star-shaped elements are located between jags and this is the main artistic feature of the carpet.

This carpet has got a romb gear-shaped medallion in the central field, which was peculiar to ancient Gabala carpets. (Gabala was the capital of Ancient Alban State, – which was existed from 4th century BC until 7th century AD, for 1100 years in the territory of Northern Azerbaijan.

To get more information about ancient Albania please visit


Warp&Weft: cotton

Density/Kpsm (knots per square meter): up to 185 000

Colors: 7 = red, mustard, light brown, beige, forest green, aqua blue, dark blue (Naturally dyed)

Size: 127cmx200cm

Area: 2.54m2

Weight: 6.4kg

Kg/m2: 2.52

AGE: 60 years

Condition: Used as a wall carpet. Therefore, preserved well.

Technical Analysis: Size of “Kurdemir” carpets vary from 120cmx190cm to 130cmx200cm

But according to old carpet masters, the bigger size of runners was also made in ancient times. (110cmx400cm)

Density of Kurdemir carpets varies from 40x40 to 45x45 per square decimeter. (from 160.000 to 200.000 knots per square meter)

The height of pile:

Comments: Kurdemir carpets are considered as one of the best of Shirvan Carpets.

Resource: 1) Azerbaijan Carpets, L. Karimov, People’s artist of Azerbaijan, USSR state prize winner, Doctor of Art, Head of the Decorative-Applied Arts of Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences, carpet making art specialist 2) Decorative and Applied Arts of Azerbaijan in Museums of World, Rasim Efendiyev

*Garhun derives from the name of ancient Turkic tribe - Gara Hun.

Researched and prepared by Vugar Dadashov

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