Azerbaijan, Syrtchichi Village
Syrt Chichi village is located 20 kms to the south of Kuba, close to Dere
Chichi village. Rugs with this design were made in other neighboring
villages as well, but Syrt Chichi and Dere Chichi villages are resposible
for most of the production.
The design of the Syrt Chichi is alike to Khyrda-Gul Chichi design, but it
contains some differences at the same time. Syrt Chichi elements are
denser and they stand closer to each other; there is no many supplementary
elements in spite of Khyrda Gul Chichi. The size of the elements are
larger and they are in different shapes. While the "Bashmaq" is the main
element of Khyrda Gul Chichi design, Syrt Chichi's main element is
considered "Alcha-gul". These are the names which probably used by the
local weavers since ealy to mid 19th century. The element is a small
version of the so called Memling Gul, which can be seen in some paintings
of the famous Medieval European painter Hans Memling (1433-1494). (i.e.,
The Virgin and Child with an Angel, St. George and a Donor. c. 1470-80.
Oil on wood. National Gallery, London, UK)
Another element of the
central field is octagonal "charkh" (wheel). The name of the elements are
in Azerbaijani Turkish language.
The border composition of Syrt
Chichi carpets consists of medakhil, zanjira, main and secondary
"kaymas"/borders. The main kayma/border in a 'black' ground is used also
in other type of Kuba carpets, such as Zeyve. But its mostly
characteristic to Syrt Chichi carpets. At both sides of main kayma, after
two zanjira's, there are secondary kayma's, which are called "ulduz"
(means star). At both sides of these 'ulduz's, medakhil's is situated,
which is called as "mollabashy" by local carpet masters .
ground color of Syrt Chichi carpets can be in ivory, blue, red, yellow or
green. Green Chichis are the rarest ones.
Density of "Syrt Chichi"
carpets varies from 40x40 to 55x55 per square decimeter. (from 160.000 to
300.000 knots per square meter)
The structure of the above rug:
height: 4-6 mm