Sotheby's Arts of the Islamic World
London | 09 Apr 2014, 10:30 AM |
AN OTTOMAN WOVEN SILK CALLIGRAPHIC TEXTILE, PROBABLY
BURSA,TURKEY, CIRCA 1800
fragment of rectangular form woven with cream and red silks with
alternating major and minor chevron bands filled with calligraphy,
palmette cartouches and roundels
textile: 132.6 by 75.5cm.with mount: 142 by 86cm.
In the wide band: repeat of the shahada
Bordering the wide band: Qur’an, chapter II (al-Baqara), part of verse 144
(above); chapter III (Al ‘Imran), verse 96
In the roundels
and cartouches: Invocations to God through three of his attributes.
Bearing testimony to the importance of textiles in Ottoman society,
examples such as the present silk textile, with a chevron pattern
incorporating the Shahadah, or declaration of faith, would have been made
as special commissions, particularly during the Ottoman dynasty's rule
over Medina (1517–1916 AD) when it was custom to send such textiles to
adorn the Ka’bah in Mecca and replaced yearly.
Fragments with the same
loom pattern are in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London (inv.
no.1063-1900), the Textile
Museum, Washington (inv. no. TM 3.158a) and
the David Collection, Copenhagen (inv. no. 20/1971).