About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project

Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan

Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning

"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"

Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Our Natural Dyestuffs


Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs

Weaving and Finishing Steps

Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs




"Harchang" Rug, inspired by the early rug from the Heinrich Kirchheim collection ("Orient Stars" ).
Size (metric): 143x286cm
Size (ft): 4'8"x9'4"
Area: 4.08 m2
Density: 155 000 knots per square meter, totally 650 000 knots

Weaving period: 3 months
Weavers: Safiya & Yasemen
madder red, light madder red (salmon), cerulean blue, midnight blue, royal blue, yellow (two shades), maroon/aubergine, variegated light green, variegated aqua, medium green, natural ivory, natural brown.
Dyes: 100% natural dyes: Fig tree leaves (dried), madder, weld (Reseda Luteola), woad/indigo, pomegranate skins, natural brown sheep wool, natural ivory sheep wool
- all are eco-friendly and non-toxic
Materials: Handcarded and handspun wool for pile, ivory wool warps and ivory wool wefts
Handwoven in Azerbaijan

The Harshang design, featuring various palmettes and stylized flowers, is among the most classic formats. The design was extremely popular in both the Caucasian and Iranian Azerbaijan throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It appears that the design was first used in the Khorasan district and in origin ultimately derives from the Isfahan 'in and out' palmette design. For a discussion of four late eighteenth and early 19th century contrasting appearances of the harshang design, please see Pamela Bensoussan, 'Four Harshang Pattern Carpets in the Museée des Arts Decoratifs', Hali, vol.3, no.3, pp.207-209. A closely related example, formerly in the William R. Pickering collection and now in the Metropolitan Museum is published by M.S.Dimand and Jean Mailey, Oriental Rugs in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1973, fig.125, p.92.

See the videos of the dyeing process of the yellow yarns for this rug:





Contact us for more information about this rug


The above pictures show the process of dyeing yellow yarns with weld, pomegranate rinds and fig tree leaves for the ground color of the Harshang rug














Contact us for more information about this rug


For more information about the above rug or to place an order please email vd@azerbaijanrugs.com (Baku, Azerbaijan) or ra@azerbaijanrugs.com  (San Francisco Bay Area). We will get back to you within 24 hours or less.