About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project

Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan

Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning

"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"

Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Our Natural Dyestuffs


Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs

Weaving and Finishing Steps

Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs



"Lotto" Ushak rug, inspired by XVI century Ushak rug depicted in Lorenzo Lotto's "The Alms of St Anthony" (1542)
Size (metric): 124x190cm
Size (ft): 4'0"x6'2"
Area: 2.35 m2
Pile height: 0.5cm
Ends: 4cm medium blue kilim weaving, thin braided fringes
Weaving period: 4 months

madder red, navy blue, yellow, medium green, medium blue, ivory, dark brown.
Dyes: 100% natural dyes: madder, weld (Reseda Luteola), indigo, pomegranate skins, natural brown sheep wool, natural ivory sheep wool
- all are eco-friendly and non-toxic
Materials: Handcarded and handspun wool for pile, ivory wool warps and red wool wefts

Weaver: Sona, a local village woman, who wove this rug in her own house, as a natural part of her daily family routine

Design: The arabesque-trellis or so-called 'Lotto' design was popular from its first appearance around 1500. This overall lattice design found here was named for the Venetian artist Lorenzo Lotto (1480-1556) who was one of numerous European artists throughout the 16th and 17th centuries to include carpets with this pattern in their works, see Mills, John, " 'Lotto' Carpets in Western Paintings," Hali, vol 3. no. 4, 1980, pp. 278-289. Prior to this study, the arabesque lattice of these carpets had been examined and further categorized into three groups by Charles Grant Ellis: the 'Anatolian,' 'Kilim' and 'Ornamented,' see Ellis, C.G., "The 'Lotto' pattern as a fashion in carpets," Festchrift fur Peter Wilhelm Meister, 1975, pp. 19-31. The prestige and enduring appeal of 'Lotto' carpets in the west is demonstrated by their appearance in so many paintings as well as by the numbers of rugs and fragments that have survived and that have been the subject of scholarly research.

The present example is one of the earliest Lotto designs (1500s). This specific type of Kufic style main border can be seen in the Philadelphia Museum Lotto rug, 67-30-308

The inscriptions on the rug:

"Sultan Suleyman" - the work is dedicated to the 10th Ottoman sultan - Suleiman the Magnificent (Reigned between 1520-1566). The below painting by Lotto was painted in 1542, during the reign of Suleiman I. Therefore, the rug in the painting is either from his or his predecessors (Selim or Bayezid II) period.


Tamga of Kayi tribe - the tribe that Ottomans descend from

AH1437 = 2016AD - weaving date

"The Alms of St Anthony", 1542, by Italian painter Lorenzo Lotto. Basilica dei Santi Giovanni e Paolo, Venice

Contact us for more information about this rug


For more information about the above rug or to place an order please email vd@azerbaijanrugs.com (Baku, Azerbaijan) or ra@azerbaijanrugs.com  (San Francisco Bay Area). We will get back to you within 24 hours or less.