About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project

Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan

Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning

"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"

Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Our Natural Dyestuffs


Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs

Weaving and Finishing Steps

Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs



"Bird Ushak" rug, based on the 17th century Western Anatolian "Bird Ushak" rug in the Philadelphia Museum of Art

Code: BUPHMA01

Size: 160x188cm (including the kilim ends)

Size (ft): 5'2"x6'2"

Area: 3.00 m2

Colors: red, yellow, dark aqua green, dark green, medium green, ivory, dark brown.

Dyes: madder, weld (Reseda Luteola), indigo, pomegranate skins, walnut husks, onion skins (kilim ends), natural dark brown sheep wool, natural ivory sheep wool

Materials: Handcarded and handspun wool for pile, ivory wool warps and ivory wool wefts (two shots). 3cm of flatwoven kilim ends at both sides. - wool on wool

Knots: Gördes (Turkish, symmetrical)

Pile height: 0.5cm

Ends: chainged fringes

Inscriptions: 1438 (=2017 weaving date), tamga (tribal seal) of Kayi tribe, "Sahib Kiran (“Master of the Auspicious Conjunction") Murad Khan Rabian" (in commemoration of the 17th Ottoman Sultan, Murad IV (1623-1640))

Weaver: Khayala

Weaving Period: Three months

Handwoven in Azerbaijan

Design: The field, border, and outer guard stripe of this rug are ivory white. The "birds," actually stylized leaf forms, are red, centered by blue rosettes on ivory stems, and their "wings," which here assume the form of split arabesques, are blue-green. The rosettes that lie between the "birds" and in the panels beside them are small, simple, and homogeneous. They have blue centers and red petals. The wide border is subdi¬vided by thin split arabesques, which reserve prominent triangles in red, which are in turn opposed. Smaller triangles in blue-green in the end borders show no arabesques, but have a red band within their contours. The ivory ground between these triangular areas is filled with a scattering of small motifs in red, blue, blue-green, and beige. A few small elements are also strewn about the rug's field. There is no inner guard stripe. The outer guard stripe has a thin, geo¬metric vine in red which passes through tiny blue or blue-green squares and throws off at an angle little black-brown florets.

"Portrait of Ladislaus von Fraunberg, Count of Haag (1505–1566) ", by Hans Mielich, c 1548, featuring a Bird Ushak carpet on a table. Kress Collection, New York

Alexander IV Aegus (the son of Alexander the Great) with his mother Roxana and Eumenes of Cardia, by Alessandro Varotari (Padovanino), 1625. Hermitage, St. Petersburg

Henry Hastings (1586–1643), 5th Earl of Huntingdon.
by Paulus van Somer I (attributed to). A similar Bird Ushak rug is depicted in this painting
Queens' College, University of Cambridge. Date painted: 1601

Tile wall decorations of the Rüstem Pasha Mosque (1561-63)

A recently discovered fragment of a wall painting from the early 17th century. Saxon home from Sighishoara showing a large “bird” rug. This is a further proof of the local fashion of decorating homes with Turkish carpets placed on the walls.

Contact us for more information about this rug






Contact us for more information about this rug 


For more information about the above rug or to place an order please email vd@azerbaijanrugs.com (Baku, Azerbaijan) or ra@azerbaijanrugs.com  (San Francisco Bay Area). We will get back to you within 24 hours or less.