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Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan

Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning

"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"

Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
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Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs

Weaving and Finishing Steps

Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs

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AH 1311 (1894 AD) dated Derbend prayer rug, published at Luciano Coen & Louise Duncan's "The Oriental Rug", plate no: 34

late 19th century, 4'11" x 3'6" (m. 1.52 x 1.09)

Warp: wool
Weft: wool, two shoots after each row of knots
Knotting: Ghiordes, wool, 17 knots per square inch [1870 per dm.2]

Daghestan, an area north of Kuba, produces rugs of a construction unique in the Caucasus. The warp threads, which in other rugs are almost invariably horizontal, are on a diagonal that is sometimes as pronounced as 75 degrees. They are tightly woven, and the result is strong and supple. Another anomaly of the Daghestan region is the fact that even though it is in the northern part of the Caucasus the pile of its rugs is as thick as that of Kazaks or Karabaghs.

A honeycombed white field decorated with a variety of multicolored flowers is a classic Daghestan type. The wide red border contains a remnant of a dragon's head, and the edges are bound in red and white.

The Gothic arch indicates a fairly early date. It symbolizes a clean, honest walk into a mosque, unlike some of the diminished later arches that are almost indentations in the line of the mihrab rather than an architectural feature.

The rug is dated twice, once on either side of the arch, with the date 1311 Hegira, which is equivalent to 1893. Even though rugs were occasionally backdated to make them appear to be antiques, this date is acknowledged to be original.

A little comb, one of the weaver's tools, has been woven into the inside of the arch.

Since these are such small, gay rugs, they are particularly attractive as wall hangings.