About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project
Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan
Shearing, Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning
"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"
Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Our Natural Dyestuffs
Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs
Weaving and Finishing Steps
Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs
to "An Educational Guide to Antique Derbend rugs and carpets" main page
Antique Derbend rug, 2nd half 19th century, 123 x 145 cm, 4'1" x 4'9"
Rugs with a mihrab in the shape of a keyhole or a stylized 'head and
shoulders' figure were woven throughout east Caucasia, with published
examples from Baku, Kuba, Shirvan, Daghestan and Chichi. Unlike most
Caucasian prayer rugs those in the 'keyhole' and 'head and shoulders' group
do not have a separate gabled or squared prayer arch; instead, the mihrab
floats on the field. This design principle is more closely related to the
style of prayer rugs from Anatolia. The 'head' or prayer arch in these rugs
is virtually identical in shape to the re-entrant arches of Anatolian 'Bellini-type'
rugs of the fifteenth to eighteenth century. (These rugs are so called
because of the paintings of Gentile Bellini, c. 1429-1507, who depicted rugs
with keyhole or re-entrant motifs.) The more immediate influences are the
later keyhole rugs from Bergama and Konya. A wide variety of borders is
employed in this group of rugs, varying primarily by origin. Border patterns
include a polychromatic slanted 'barber pole' (Baku), slanted
bars-and-rosettes (Chichi), geometric guls with "c" motifs (Kuba) and 'crab'
borders (usually Shirvan or Daghestan) as in the pieces shown here.