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Antique Caucasian Cloudband rug, second half  19th century, West or south-west of Ganja, Azerbaijan

246 X 103 cm
2nd half of the 19th century

The brownish-red central field contains three and a quarter medallions which are goel-shaped. A square with an ideosyncratic, sun-wheel-like motif is surrounded by eight cloud bands or clouds (bulut). Three stars on top and below them symbolise the sky. L Kerimov reports that bulut symbolise water at the same time. It is likely that the Malybaily's medallion with sun, stars, sky and clouds has a cosmological meaning. The colouring of the medallions is, in principle, blue and green, while the squares are yellow.

The main border shows the shamdan or mashaal border (candelabra or torch border) which has often been described before. The reciprocal triangle stripes (paykan = arrow head) are other protective elements.

Warp: Wool, Z3S, 1 and dark brown (2 x dark brown + 1x light brown and vice versa).
Weft: Camel Hair, Z2, light brown, 2 wefts: 1st tighter,2ndwaved.
Pile: Wool, Z2; Camel Hair, Z2, light brown, Pile Height: 9 mm.
Knots: Symmetrical 3, \, 35 degree, H30 x V30 = 900 Kn/dm2.
Handle: Meaty, thick, lightly ribbed.
Lower End: Warp loops not cut.
Selvedge: Thick, round and blackish-brown wool shirazi.
Colours: 9; light brownish-red, dark yellow, light beige-pink, dark brown (CH), blackish-brown, dark blue, blue, green, ivory.

Literature: L. Kerimov III, colour ill. 105.
published at Siyawouch Azadi "Azerbaijani Caucasian rugs" plate no: 219