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Antique Kazak rug with Moghan (Memling) Guls, 19th century, Azerbaijan. published at Luciano Coen & Louise Duncan's "The Oriental Rug" plate no: 66

19th century, 6'4" x 4'4" [m. 1.95 X 1.35} Warp: wool
Weft: wool, three shoots after each row of knots

Knotting: Ghiordes, wool, 64 knots per square inch [1000 per dm.2]
..In this rug one finds barber pole stripes, stars, and patchwork diamonds in the spaces between the stepped octagons, but often there are more stepped octagons that create a honeycomb effect. The star border is a common Caucasian motif, particularly in the neighboring Talish region. The hooks in the octagons are common to the Kazak region, notably in its prayer rugs, and the octagons are similar to the Chichi design. This type of Moghan rug is noted for the fine use of contrasting color. Here the weaver has achieved a harmonious effect by lining up the colors in diagonals, accenting green, red, and blue with a white lattice.
The rug has been dated twice, at the bottom of the left border and at the top right border. The date is 1838T (the T stands for targan, or "date"). In one of the small octagons in the lower right quadrant is a figure in a skirt. It could represent the weaver.
There are several details that make this rug interesting. For one thing, it is possible to see the weave of the selvages, as the bottom border shows very clearly that the weft has been wrapped in wool to preserve it. The edges have been finished in red and white, a nice decorative touch from this area. Overall, the rug has a lush quality resulting from its full colors and long pile.

Lit: Luciano Coen & Louise Duncan's "The Oriental Rug"