Antique "Shield" Kazak
Governate, Tovuz-Shamkir district, Kazak Uyezd, North-West Azerbaijan.
published at Siyawouch Azadi "Azerbaijani Caucasian rugs" plate no: 127
127 Kadim Gyanja district centre, Gyanja, 260 X 132cm. Early 19th century
The dark brownish-red central field shows four octagon medallions (goels)
arranged on top of one another which are surrounded by two squares in the
middle and two octagons at the top and bottom. This pattern is more common
for Kadim Minareh. However, variations can also be found in the Shirvan and
Kazak regions. L. Kerimov reports that this pattern has also become quite
common in Salyan (Shirvan) ever since the beginning of the 19th century.
What is fascinating in all these groups are the comb and feather-like motifs
in the light outlines of the medallions. However, we have no information as
to what they symbolize or what they are called. What is interesting are the
four triangles at the top and bottom; their sides facing the medallions have
A border on a dark brownish-red ground with a row of stars woven into
octagons constitutes the dividing line of the main border which has a white
ground and shows the classical vine meander with huge palmettes and four
buds (so-called crab border).
Warp: Wool,Z3S, 3 x dark ivory, 2 x dark ivory + 1 x dark brown.
Weft: Wool, Z2, crimson, 4 wefts waved.
Pile: Wool, Z2, PH:10 mm.
Knots: Symmetrical 1, H32, W25 = 800Kn/dm2.
Handle: Meaty, thick, coarsely grained and cross-ribbed.
Upper end: c. 1.5 cm dark brownish-red wool simple tapestry weave,
groups of warps knotted.
Selvedge: c. 0.8 cm dark brownish-red wool shirazi around 2 ribs in
figure-of-eight wrapping with supplemental threads which mainly extend into
the fabric; the shirazi's red is darker than that of the weft.
Colours: 9; dark brownish-red, brownish-red, light brownish-red,
reddish-brown, blackish-brown, dark blue, blue, green, ivory. Condition:
Apart from a few skilful repairs,
Remarks: A particularly intensive and expressive example of Southern
Azerbaijani weaving tradition.
Literature: Not identified by L. Kerimov. A magnificent and early piece from
the collection of James D. Burns became known. See James D. Burns, The
Caucasus Traditions in Weaving, Seattle 1987, plate 24.