About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project

Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan

Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning

"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"

Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Our Natural Dyestuffs


Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs

Weaving and Finishing Steps

Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs



Antique Kuba rug with Afshan gül motif, late 19th century, Southern Hillside Kuba Region, North East Azerbaijan.

Kuba 183 X 129 cm 246 Around 1890

In comparison to the borders, the dark-blue central field looks almost too small. It is overrun by islimi motifs which are also referred to as vines of arabesques or forks around which three stepped lozenges are arranged. The centre of the lozenge is decorated with a palmette which we know from many vine meander borders (so-called crab border). Numerous small motifs fill the rest of the field. It is almost characteristic of this groups that there is no free space without pattern.

The design of the borders shows a certain resemblance with that of Chichi carpets, particularly the two outer borders, that is, the reciprocal crenellated and star borders. At a closer look, however, there is a difference between this main border and those of Chichi carpets with its cross beams. In this case, the beams are straight and have two appendages at the top and bottom each. Their sequence alternates with that of leaf palmettes. The two stripes of blossoms on a green ground flank the main border on a midnight-blue ground and provide it with vividness.

Warps: Wool, Z3S, light ivory and also dark brown (2 x light ivory +1x dark brown).
Wefts: Wool + Cotton, Z2, light brown and white, 2 wefts:1st tighter, 2nd waved.
Pile: Wool, Z2, Pile Height: 3.5mm.
Knots: Symmetrical 3, \35°, H40 x V40 = 1,600 Kn/dm2.
Handle: Velours, thin, ribbed.
Upper End: c. 1 cm light wool simple tapestry weave, groups of warps knotted in 6 staggered rows.
Lower End: 0.5 cm remainder of a cotton simple tapestry weave.
Selvedge: Round and light cotton + woolen shirazi.

published at Siyawouch Azadi "Azerbaijani Caucasian rugs" plate no: 47