About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project

Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan

Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning

"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"

Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Our Natural Dyestuffs


Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs

Weaving and Finishing Steps

Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs



Antique Kuba Dragon Soumak, Northern Kuba Region, Qusar District, North East Azerbaijan

62 Zeikhur Soumak (so-called Dragon Soumak), Kussar district, Kuba 336 x 155 cm 2nd half of 19th century

The dark-blue central field consists of four rising medallions which are arranged asymmetrically and consist of two parts with different colours in two different compositions. They alternate. The first and third medallion from the bottom each show two animal figures with five and six legs which could actually be interpreted as dragons. Numerous hooks in a multitude of variations cover the area of the medallion either on their own or in combination with other motifs. The remaining field also shows palmettes, rosettes, hooks and other motifs which do not leave any free space.

The triple-stripe border system consists of kabala naqish for the two outer borders, andgul dujume naqish for the central stripe. These Soumaks are called dragon Soumaks in line with the early dragon pile carpets of the 16th and 17th centuries.

Warps: Goat Hair (predominantly), and also wool, Z3S, grey-beige and beige, 40 Warps / dm. Supplemental Wefts: Wool, 22, dark brown, 1 weft after every soumak row.
PWe: Wool, Z2, 45 PWe/dm. Technique: Soumak (plain and countered), 4:2,3: land2:1,
Upper End: Two blue countered soumak, fringes.
Lower End: Like upper end.
Selvedge: 1.5 cm blue wool shirazi around 4 ribs in figure-of-eight wrapping with supplemental threads.
Colours: 11;dark red, dark brownish-red, dark brown-ish-orange, yellow, dark reddish-brown, blackish-brown, blue, light blue, green, beige-olive, ivory. Condition: Apart from a few minor repairs, good.
Remarks: The colours are slightly dark.

Literature: L Kerimov, ill. 63.
published at Siyawouch Azadi "Azerbaijani Caucasian rugs" plate no: 62