62 Zeikhur Soumak
(so-called Dragon Soumak), Kussar district, Kuba 336 x 155 cm 2nd half of
The dark-blue central field consists of four rising medallions which are
arranged asymmetrically and consist of two parts with different colours in
two different compositions. They alternate. The first and third medallion
from the bottom each show two animal figures with five and six legs which
could actually be interpreted as dragons. Numerous hooks in a multitude of
variations cover the area of the medallion either on their own or in
combination with other motifs. The remaining field also shows palmettes,
rosettes, hooks and other motifs which do not leave any free space.
The triple-stripe border system consists of kabala naqish for the two outer
borders, andgul dujume naqish for the central stripe. These Soumaks are
called dragon Soumaks in line with the early dragon pile carpets of the 16th
and 17th centuries.
Warps: Goat Hair (predominantly), and also wool, Z3S, grey-beige and beige,
40 Warps / dm. Supplemental Wefts: Wool, 22, dark brown, 1 weft after every
PWe: Wool, Z2, 45 PWe/dm. Technique: Soumak (plain and countered), 4:2,3:
Upper End: Two blue countered soumak, fringes.
Lower End: Like upper end.
Selvedge: 1.5 cm blue wool shirazi around 4 ribs in figure-of-eight wrapping
with supplemental threads.
Colours: 11;dark red, dark brownish-red, dark brown-ish-orange, yellow, dark
reddish-brown, blackish-brown, blue, light blue, green, beige-olive, ivory.
Condition: Apart from a few minor repairs, good.
Remarks: The colours are slightly dark.
Literature: L Kerimov, ill. 63.
published at Siyawouch
Azadi "Azerbaijani Caucasian
rugs" plate no: 62