About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project

Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan

Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning

"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"

Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Our Natural Dyestuffs


Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs

Weaving and Finishing Steps

Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs



Antique Kuba rug with so called "Gymyl" design, Mountainous Kuba Region, possibly Söhüb village, late 19th century,  North East Azerbaijan

16 Gymyl Kuba district, Kuba 200 X 136 cm, End of the 19th century

A fine blackish-brown net design appears on the dark brownish-orange ground upon which is a concentric medallion with articulated hooks and pronounced projections. Gussets complete the ornamentation of the central field. L. Kerimov mentions that the people call this medallion turanj (a kind of citrus fruit) and the corners kunjluk (corner piece). It is doubtful whether this composition was formed in Tabriz as early as the 16th and 17th centuries. In any case, this composition is known in Malayer carpets which are older than any known Gymyl carpets.

The main border on a brownish-red ground appears as a bent, broken and intermittent vine meander set off with arabesque palmettes (herati border). According to L. Kerimov, this border is called islirni yelan ("trim of Islimi'). Two reciprocal triangle strips surround the main border. Two minor borders enclose the carpet on the outside, the one with an alternating row of S motifs and diamonds dominating.

Remarks: According to L Kerimov, there are two varieties of Gymyl; this one is part of the first.
Literature: L Kerimov II, ills. 125 and 126 on p. 153 and ill. 127 on p. 154, as well as colour plates 11 and 12.
Warps: Wool, Z3, yellow, Z4, Wefts: Wool, Z2, blackish-brown to dark brown, 2 wefts: 1st tight, 2nd waved. Pile: Wool, Z2, Pile Height: 3mm. Knots: Sy3, \, 75°, H56, W45 = 2,475 Kn/dm2.
Handle: Velours, thin, ribbed. Upper End: c. 2 cm wool flat-woven end, c. 0.8 cm 4 countered soumak rows, the final row light blue, groups of warp-threads knotted in 2 staggered rows.
Lower End: Like upper end, but 5 soumak rows. Selvedge: c. 1 cm dark blue W shirazi in figure-of-eight wrapping with supplemental threads. Colours: 12; dark crimson, dark pink, dark reddish-brown, brown, orange, dark brownish-orange, yellow, blackish-brown, midnight-blue, blue, light olive, ivory.
Condition: Except the red which has occasionally bled, good.

lit.: Siyawouch Azadi "Azerbaijani Caucasian rugs"
published at Siyawouch Azadi "Azerbaijani Caucasian rugs" plate no: 16