About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project

Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan

Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning

"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"

Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Our Natural Dyestuffs


Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs

Weaving and Finishing Steps

Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs



Antique Kuba Konagkend rug, late 19th century,  Southern Mountainous  Kuba Region, North East Azerbaijan.

19th century, 4'10" x 4' [m. 1.48 x 1.24] Warp: wool
Weft; wool, two shoots after each row of knots
Knotting: Ghiordes, wool, 210 knots per square inch [3300 per dm.2]

This is one of the classic Konagkand styles, and it is always made up of the same basic elements. In a blue field is a regular all-over trellis design in white that may be said to intertwine the way a field of arabesques does in a Persian rug. In the "holes" found in any design of this nature are flowers and other small bits of design in any number of colors. Some of the white trellis is marked with black. The main border is designed from white kufic letters.

on red and is seen again in Plate 49. The letters have been stylized so many times that they are merely decorative and actually do not say anything. It is evident that these "letters" have been interspersed with stepped polygons similar to those of the Chichi tribe (Plates 61-64).
The two guard borders are typical of Kuba designs in that they are blue and black, like the ones in Plate 62 and several others in the Kuba section. (Konagkand is south of Kuba.) This is a rather old preference and is rarely seen in rugs made after the middle of the nineteenth century.
The interplay of light and dark in this rug is subtle but characteristic. The light colors have a washed effect.

The other type of rug typical of Konagkand has a large stepped rhombus in the middle of the field and a square in each corner.


Luciano Coen's and Louise Duncan's "Oriental Rug" book. plate: 51