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AH 1341 / 1922 AD dated Kuba Perepedil rug, Southern Hillside Kuba Region, Devechi-Shabran District, North East Azerbaijan.

Pirebadil (so-called Perepedil) Divichi district, Kuba 300 X 143 cm

Dated 1341 = 1922 and inscription: Saheb Khorshid = Khorshid is the owner (Khorshid means the sun and is also a women's name)

A prayer gable and niche (mihrab) have been woven into the light ground on the top. Other than this, we see the classical ornamentation of this type. On the central vertical axis, we can see five octagons (gols) which are surrounded by four fabulous birds and four fork meanders in two different versions in a symmetrical arrangement. It is difficult to find out what the birds are supposed to symbolise. It may well be that they represent the legendary Simorgh (fabulous bird of Persian mythology). The so-called fork meanders which are often quoted in references are called buynuz (ram's horns) in Azerbaijan. 1 could well imagine that one hypothesis does not necessarily have to rule out the other. That is to say, these varieties could be both, botanical and zoomorphic. The main border which is known as the Cufic border is called hashiye shami (border from Sham which is the old Arab name of Syria). Two narrower borders with colourful diagonal stripes surround the main border.

Warp: Wool, Z3 S, light ivory.

Wefts: Wool, Z2, ivory and beige, 2 wefts: lil tighter, 2nd waved.

Pile: Wool, Z2, Pile Height: 5.5 mm.

Knots: Symmetrical 3, \,H40xV30 = 1,200 Kn/dm2.
Handle: Velours, almost thin, lightly ribbed. Upper End: c. 4 cm wide light wool simple tapestry weave; in the centre, four rows of red threads are inserted.
Lower End: c. 3.5 cm light, slightly looser simple tapestry weave, warps knotted in groups.
Selvedge: Round light wool shirazi.
Remarks: Pirebadil on a white ground are fairly rare. As we know, white is the colour that is associated with weddings and also the dowry. Since the name Khorshid (the sun) is woven into the carpet, we may assume that it was made by the bride herself for her dowry and she was so proud of it that she left her fingerprints.

Literature: L. Kerimov I, plate 183; Kerimov II, plate 19, Kerimov IV, plate 45; U. Schiirmann, plate 73, p. 211; R. Wright, plate 32, for Pirebadil with a white ground, see Doris Eder, plates 372 and 373 on pages 332 and 333.
published at Siyawouch Azadi "Azerbaijani Caucasian rugs" plate no: 38