About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project

Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan

Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning

"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"

Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Our Natural Dyestuffs


Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs

Weaving and Finishing Steps

Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs



Antique Kuba rug, late 19th century, North East Azerbaijan

Kadim Minareh Kuba district, Kuba 156 X 105 cm 192 Final quarter of the 19th century

The light-ground central field is divided into three squares with three further squares within them joined by bars. Within the squares, octagons enclose two double-ended hooks that cross one another. Between the squares, there are comb-like motifs which, according to L. Kerimov, represent Allah, the Arabic term for God. Every Muslim in the world prays to Allah. Since "Allah" appears on many minarets as a form of artistic religious expression, theses carpets - woven in the city of Kuba - are termed Kadim minareh (old minaret). They were also woven in the Salyan region. The light-ground main border shows a variation of the "crab border", actually a bent, broken and intermittent vine meander set with palmettes. Four vine meanders ending in bird heads emerge from between the arms of the palmette crosses in whose centre they join. L. Kerimov terms this border suflu elyam (no translation). Two vine meander borders on a dark-blue ground with blossoms surround the main border.

Warps: Wool,Z3S,dark ivory.
Wefts: Wool, Z2, brown to dark brown, 2 waved wefts
Pile: Wool,Z2,Pile Height:5mm.
Knots: Symmetrical 1, \, H 32, V 30 = 960Kn/dm2.
Handle: Soft, almost thin, flat-grained.
Upper End: c. 1 cm blue woolen soumak in 5 rows.
Lower End: Like upper end, but 0.8 cm soumak in 4 rows.
Selvedge: c. 1.5 cm blue woolen shirazi of 4 ribs in figure-of-eight wrapping with supplemental threads partly extending up to 1 cm into the fabric.
Condition: Good, only partly faded.

Literature: L Kerimov II, ill. 128, p. 154.
published at Siyawouch Azadi "Azerbaijani Caucasian rugs" plate no: 20