About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project

Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan

Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning

"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"

Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Our Natural Dyestuffs


Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs

Weaving and Finishing Steps

Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs



Antique Shirvan rug, Northern Shirvan Region, possibly Arjiman / Archiman village, late 19th century, Azerbaijan

Plate no: 79 Arjiman
Shemakha district, Shirvan
258 X 132 cm
End of the 19th century

This rug has only three medallions (uch göls) in contrast to the previous one, which had five (also called besh göllü). In this case, the faruhar is a particularly striking and expressive symbol of fire. Innumerable variations of small ornaments like hook-rimmed lozenges, squares, rectangles and octagons, pitchers (symbol of purity), human figures, birds etc., leave hardly any free space. According to L. Kerimov, the main border on a light ground is typical of the Shirvan region and is called hörük (braid). It Is flanked by two minor borders, one with a row of rosettes and the other with a row of adjacent triangles.

Warps: Wool, Z 3 S, beige and brown, 2 X dark brown + 1 X ivory or 2 X ivory +1 X dark brown.
Wefts: Cotton, Z2, white, 2 wefts: 1st tight, 2nd waved
Pile: Wool, Z2,
Pile height: 4.5 mm
Knots: Symmetrical 2,/, 45 degree, Hor. 42, Vert. 40 = c. 1,680 Kn/dm2.
Handle: Velours, thin, lightly ribbed.
Upper End: c. 1.5 cm light cotton simple tapestry weave, warps directly knotted in groups.
Lower End: c. 0.5 cm remainder of a cotton simple tapestry weave.
Selvedge: Thin, round, white cotton shirazi around 2 warp-threads, threads extending into the fabric.
Colours: 11; dark red, dark brownish-red, dark violet-brown (oxidised), dark yellow, beige, blackish-brown (oxidised), midnight-blue, dark blue, light blue, light green, ivory.
Condition: Except for the oxidation, good.
Remarks: The quality of the wool is good and the ornamentation balanced, the yellow colour leaves something to be desired.
Literature: L Kerimov III, ill. 19, p. 32; James D. Burns pictures one of the most beautiful carpets of this family in "The Caucasus Traditions in Weaving", Seattle 1987, plate 23.

Siyawouch Azadi "Azerbaijani Caucasian rugs"