About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project

Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan

Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning

"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"

Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Our Natural Dyestuffs


Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs

Weaving and Finishing Steps

Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs



Antique Shirvan rug, Northern Shirvan Region, possibly Arjiman / Archiman village, late 19th century, Azerbaijan

Plate no: 81
Arjiman rug
Shemakha district, Shirvan
265 X 143 cm
Early 20th century

The dark brownish-red central field shows a row of medallions (i.e. the tek göl principle, see also the previous description) with two appendages (kubpa and/or bashlyk) which have a very strong geometrical design here and show diagonal lines. In contrast to most Arjiman, the faruhar's colour is not fiery red, but dark-blue. What is striking in the inner field is the sequence of squares with different background colours, yet the same patterns. These are four crescent-shaped motifs which are symmetrically grouped around a lozenge. The main border on a light ground is decorated with the hörük motif (plait), too. Two stripes of rosettes enclose the main border. Inside, there is a reciprocal crenellated border (madakhil).

Warp: Wool, Z3S, dark beige-brown, 2X light beige + 1 X dark brown or 1 X dark beige + 2 X dark brown.
Weft: Cotton, Z2-3, white, 2 wefts: 1st tighter,2ndi waved, at the sides sometimes 3-4 wefts. Pile: Wool, Z2; Pile Height: 4,5 mm. Knots: Symmetrical 3,\, c.35°,H 40,V 38 = 1,420 Kn/dm2.
Handle: Velours, almost thin, lightly ribbed.
Upper End: c. 3.5 cm wool flat-woven end in beige to brownish beige, 1 cm while cotton simple tapestry weave (C, Z3), 2,5 cm warps knotted in staggered groups.
Lower End: Like Upper End.
Selvedge: Round white cotton shirazi, 4 warps
wrapped with additional cotton threads.
Colours: 8; dark brownish-red, dark violet-brown, dark brownish-orange, dark yellow, blackish-brown, blue, green, ivory.
Condition: Apart from the repaired squares, good.
Remarks: On the whole, the rug gives a darker impression than the previous ones.
Literature: L Kerimov V, colour ill. 60.

from Siyawouch Azadi "Azerbaijani Caucasian rugs"