Shirvan rug, Azerbaijan
Shemakha district, Shirvan
293 X 151 cm
2nd half of 19th century
The midnight-blue ground displays six medallions with flame appendages in
the centre of the vertical axis. The significance of this group has already
been explained in the context of previous Arjiman pieces. What distinguishes
this rug from the others of the group is the portrayal of various fabulous
birds which are rather typical of Salyan (so-called Akstafa). Above the
giant two-legged creature, there is a four-legged one which a man is
standing on. Trees, bushes and numerous ornaments hardly leave any square
millimetre free. What is particularly aesthetic is the shamdan respectively
mashaal border on a golden-yellow ground (candelabra or torch, so-called
wine glass or tulip border). Two stripes of rosettes on a midnight-blue
ground flank the main border. A reciprocal crenellated border (madakhil) has
been inserted towards the inside.
Warp: Wool, Z3 S, light ivory.
Weft: Cotton, Z2, white, 2 wefts: 1st tighter, 2nd waved
Pile: Wool, Z2. PH.: 4.5 mm.
Knots: Symmetrical 2, \, 45, H40, V40 = 1,600 Kn/dm2.
Handle: Velours, almost thin, ribbed. Upper end: c. 3 cm flat-woven
end, c. 1.5 cm layered white cotton simple tapestry weave (4 rows of dark
brownish-red wool simple tapestry weave in the centre), then groups of warps
cross-braided in four rows, then knotted in 3 staggered rows.
Lower End: c.2cmcotton+ wool simple tapestry weave (1 cm layered
cotton simple tapestry weave, then 2 rows dark brownish-red simple tapestry
weave, then light wool simple tapestry weave again); groups of warps knotted
in staggered rows.
Selvedge: c. 0.7 cm white cotton shirazi around 2 ribs in
figure-of-eight wrapping with supplemental threads.
Colours: 12; dark brownish-red, brownish-red, pink, orange, yellow,
blackish-brown, midnight-blue, blue, light blue, yellowish green, green,
ivory. Condition: Good. Literature: Doris Eder, he. at, p. 258, ill. 259.
Siyawouch Azadi "Azerbaijani Caucasian rugs"