About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project

Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan

Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning

"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"

Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Our Natural Dyestuffs


Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs

Weaving and Finishing Steps

Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs



Antique Shirvan or Baku rug, 19th century, Azerbaijan

83 Arjiman
Shemakha district, Shirvan
320 X 164 cm
Around 1870

Like all Arjiman carpets, this one also has a midnight-blue central field. Six stepped hexagon medallions cover the entire width of the central field. The flame motifs (faruhar) are almost squeezed in at the top and bottom and look like narrow rectangles. Hexagons with hooks and lozenges make up the majority of the other ornaments which decorate the rest of the field. The main border on a light ground is atypical for this type, yet it is a border which is quite common throughout Azerbaijan. It is the well-known variation of the vine meander with huge palmettes and buds (so-called prawn or crab border). Two rosette borders which depict four clover-leaves enclose the main border. The inner golden-yellow border presents itself as a row of blossoms with appendages which could be an S border at the same time.

Warp: Camel Hair, Z3S, light brown.
Weft: Cotton, Z2 S, white, two wefts waved.
Pile: Wool, Z2, CH, Z2, light brown to dark beige; Pile Height. 6 mm.
Knots: Symmetrical 1, H 50, V 30 = 1,500 Kn/dm2.
Handle: Velours, not thin, smooth.
Selvedge: c. 0.4 white cotton shirazi around 2 ribs in figure-of-eight wrapping with supplemental threads.
Colours: 9; brownish-red, dark reddish-brown, brownish yellow, dark beige (Camel hair), blackish-brown, midnight-blue, blue, green, ivory.
Condition: Pile oxidised to some extent, also brownish-red, upper end and lower end are missing, otherwise good.
Literature: Doris Eder, loc. cit, p. 258, ill. 258.

from Siyawouch Azadi "Azerbaijani Caucasian rugs"