About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project

Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan

Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning

"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"

Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Our Natural Dyestuffs


Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs

Weaving and Finishing Steps

Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs



Antique Kuba rug, so called "Yerfi" design, late 19th century, Konagkend District, Mountainous Kuba Region, North East Azerbaijan

57 Erfi Konakhkend district,
321 X 109 cm
End of the 19th century

The dark-blue central field consists of two vertical rows of palmette-like motifs in two variations alternating from one row to the next. Hook-rimmed lozenges and bushes appear between them in staggered rows. L. Kerimov reports that the main ornaments are called chadyr (tent) and the bushes kyol (pel).
The border system of four stripes consists of two alternating patterns. The white-ground border presents a vine meander with blossoms, the red-ground border an ulduzlu zanjireh (star chain). According to L. Kerimov, such carpets are seldom found with a width of more than one meter.

Warp: Wool, Z3S, ivory.
Weft: Cotton+ Wool. Z3, Cotton, Z 2-3, white and ivory, 3 waved wefts.
Pile: Wool, Z2; Camel Hair, Z2, Pile Height: 4mm. Knots: Symmetrical 1, \, H 35, V32 = 1,120 Kn/dm2. Handle: Soft, thin, extremely flat-grained. Upper End: c. 1.7cm wool flat-woven end, c. 1 cm soumak in six rows: 1 light red, otherwise brownish-red, then light, extremely fine wool simple tapestry weave. Lower End: c. 2 cm wool flat- woven end, like upper end, but broader simple tapestry weave, plain soumak except for the 5rh row.
Selvedge: c. 0.8 cm brownish-red wool shirazi around 2 ribs in figure-of-eight wrapping with supplemental threads which frequently extend into the fabric.
Colours: 9: brownish-red, brownish-orange, yellow, brown (camel hair), blackish-brown (oxidised), dark blue, blue, dark turquoise, ivory. Condition: On the whole, somewhat short, otherwise complete.
Remarks: I (Siyawoush Azadi) have considerable doubts about the classification "Southern Kuba". This piece - which in reality appears much lighter than Kurdish workmanship - is more likely from the Karabakh region. The carpet strongly resembles Shahsevan pieces from the Veramin region.

Literature: L Kerimov II, colour ill. 27; James D. Burns pictured the earliest piece known to me in The Caucasus Traditions in Weaving, Seattle 1987, plate 11. That carpet is introduced as Karabakh.