About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project

Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan

Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning

"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"

Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Our Natural Dyestuffs


Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs

Weaving and Finishing Steps

Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs



Antique "Zejwa" rug, southern Daghestan

Daghestan 388 X 187 cm Last quarter of 19th century

The midnight-blue central field shows five large sunburst medallions, alternating on a white and red ground. There is a remarkable high number of animal figures in the medallions and in between. The main border on a light ground consists of the familiar vine meander with large palmettes (so-called crab border). Another dominating S border competes with the main border. Three reciprocal crenellated stripes complement the border system.

The characteristic difference between the Alikhanly from the Kuba region and those from Daghestan is the weft: the latter has one weft only, while Kuba carpets always have at least two wefts.

Warp: Wool, Z 3 S, brown.
Weft: Wool, Z2, one weft waved and staggered every other row.
Pile: Wool, Z2; Pile Height: 6 mm.
Knots: Symmetrical 1, H 40xV30 =1,200 Kn/dm2.
Handle: Velours, not thick, smooth.
Upper End: c. 0.5 cm wool flat-woven end; 2 double soumak rows; 2 x midnight-blue countered soumak; groups of warps knotted together in four staggered rows.
Lower End: Like upper end without soumak, 5 staggered rows of knots instead. Selvedge: c. 0.5 cm blackish-brown woolen shirazi around 2 ribs in figure-of-eight wrapping with supplemental threads.
Literature: V. Schurmann, loc. cit, p. 293, ill. 112, classified as Zejwa.


published at Siyawouch Azadi "Azerbaijani Caucasian rugs", plate no: 29