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Early Moghan (Mughan) rug, 18th century, Azerbaijan


Sotheby's Auctions Fine Oriental and European Carpets lot 22

Sale NY7631
An Azerbaijan carpet, South Caucasus/Northwest Persia,
New York 7,00010,000 USD Session 1
04 Apr 01 10:15 AM
Lot Sold. Hammer Price with Buyer's Premium: 6,000 USD

DESCRIPTION
An Azerbaijan carpet, South Caucasus/Northwest Persia,
circa 1800
with extensive repiled and rewoven areas, splits, sides and ends partially rewoven, glued and stitched patches on reverse, approximately 13 ft. 4 in. by 5 ft. 10 in. (4.06 by 1.78m.)
 

Warp: cotton, Z3-4S, ivory
Weft: wool, Z spun, 2 shoots, red
Pile: wool, symmetrical knot
Density: 8-9 horizontal, 8 vertical
Sides: generally not original, one area with remnants of warp cords
Ends: generally not original, small area with remnants of red kilim end finish at one end
Colors: madder red, deep blue, medium blue, blue-green, yellow, aubergine, ivory, walnut

The unusual design of this carpet brings to mind Caucasian, Anatolian and Turkmen weavings. A central medallion flanked by two medallions, as in the carpet offered here, recalls Azerbaijan embroideries of the 17th and 18th centuries, and is quite similar to an early Caucasian carpet sold in these rooms, April 12, 1996, lot 39. In the present carpet, these medallions are supported by smaller Turkic medallions that reflect Turkmen guls. These proto-guls are very similar to those found on an Eastern Anatolian rug in the Vakilflar Museum (inv. no. A-28) that has been dated to the 18th century or earlier, see Mackie, L. and Thompson, J., Turkmen, Washington, D.C., 1980, fig. 33 and Balpinar, B. and Hirsch, U., Carpets of the Vakiflar Museum Istanbul, Wesel, 1988, pl. 62. The reciprocal trefoil border of this carpet is found in several early, 18th century, floral and dragon design Caucasian carpets: for examples, see Yetkin, S., Early Caucasian Carpets in Turkey, London, 1978, vol. I, pls. 20, 24, 52 and 85. From its large format, it is evident that the present carpet was woven in a large workshop established in the Southern Caucasus and Azerbaijan in the tradition of Persian and Anatolian court and city ateliers, as were the dragon and blossom carpets.